Hookah in the smoke


The so-called hookah is a kind of tobacco smoking method that first filters the flue gas from the water and then enters the mouth to reduce the stimulation of the mouth and throat by the smoke. This kind of smoking method was gradually popularized throughout the country after being introduced into the northwestern part of China by the Central Asian region. Lanzhou also became the center of the production and processing of shredded tobacco at that time, and it has the reputation of “Lanzhou Hookah World”. The Qing people once described the quality of the hookah: "The north side of the spindle is like a mound, who is old and autumn with the southerner. The wrong little peaches are thin and the pots are arguing for Lanzhou." It can be seen that "the hookah is out of Chaozhou, this Lanzhou The winner is better, so that the smoker takes the "better" Lanzhou hookah as a boastful capital.
Hookahs are also called hookahs. They are the smoking utensils of hookahs. Most of them are fine in craftsmanship and precious in materials. They are mainly popular in the middle and late Qing Dynasty and in the early Republic of China. People even had the scene of “buying money to buy bronze pots”. In the middle and late period of the Republic of China, although cigarettes occupied the smoking territory of the city and the upper class and the rich, the hookah gradually faded out of people's horizons, but some period of time after the founding of New China, some smokers in urban and rural areas in China still use hookahs. In the photos of the characters at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, we often see that there are hookahs in the items placed on the desk, and others hold them directly in their hands, which further shows the intimate relationship between the hookah and people's lives.
The shape of the hookah is relatively complicated, and generally consists of a pipe, a straw, a water bucket, a cigarette bin, a hand rest, a needle, and a tweezers. The Qing Dynasty Li Tiaoyuan’s "Children's Poetry Collection" once wrote: "Hookah, the abdomen is like a pot, made of copper; the handle is like a crane, the entrance of the tube is smoky; the mouth of the cigarette is on the back, belly The water is contained inside, and the water is changed." From the description, it can be seen that the hookah is one intake, the other is sucking, and the middle is storing water. When smoking, the smoke passes through the water bucket, which can filter out the impurities in the smoke, and also emits a pleasant sound of water. In the folks, there are still short sentences describing the smoky smoke: "Take out the tobacco and smash into a group, gently press it into the copper smog. Blow the paper to smoke, suck a bite. Lift the pipe slightly, and the ash pops up again. "It feels very interesting and interesting."
The material of the hookah is mostly white copper, but also brass, copper, bamboo, silver, aluminum, porcelain and other materials. White copper is a copper-based alloy with nickel as the main additive element, which is silver-white, hence the name. White copper can significantly improve the strength, hardness and corrosion resistance of the utensils, so the use of white copper to make hookah is fully considered the characteristics of its material. The white copper has good ductility and can be made into different shapes of square or round or multilateral; the high hardness of white copper makes the hookah resistant to impact during use and is not easy to be damaged; the corrosion resistance of white copper is strong, making the hookah difficult to be nicotine Etc.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, the hookahs made by artisans in Guangzhou, Suzhou and Hankou were the most delicate and durable. "Guangdong Shibapu Chen Lianji", "Gusu Laocheng Haishuangdian", "Hankou Zhengjie Yaotaihe", "Gu Su Wu Bushun", "Hankou Li Xiangtai", etc., were famous brands at that time.
The body of the hookah is more square, the double-tubular body is second, and the profile is rare. The sides of the body are not covered with light, but also shallow, yang, relief, squat, scorpion, etc. Decoration process. The hollowed-out hookah is made of deep shovel. The pattern on the surface of the body is wider and thicker, leaving more gaps to reveal some patterns underneath. Some are cast, some are hammered, and they are amazing in small squares. Artistic creation.
The copper-colored hookah decorated by the enamel is popular among smokers in the folk, commonly known as the “Kingtai Blue Hookah”. Because the enamel process was mostly used in the courts of the Qing Dynasty, there were few folks. Although it was popular in the late Qing Dynasty, it was still a relatively complicated process. The cloisonne hookah fully demonstrates the requirements and features of this process in composition layout, silk technique, and point-and-finish polishing. Let us see the dignified appearance of this artifact, so the enamel copper smoke hookah in the water pipe It is a valuable high-end product.
It is understood that the current existence of a large number of is the shallow engraved craft hookah, which is engraved with landscapes, figures, flowers and birds, poetry and other content, a wide variety, is the perfect combination of Chinese traditional crafts and poetry, words, paintings, words, available Scholars are playing while watching while smoking.